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IoT technology glossar


Glossary

Overview

 
  1. adaptiv

    Easy to adopt in case of changes or enhancements

     
     
    German: adaptive

  2. agil

    Kind of working in an short period fashion

     
     
    German: agile

  3. Ambient Assisted Living (AAL)

     

  4. Application Centric Infrastructure (ACI)

    Application Centric Infrastructure

     

  5. Application Programming Interface (API)

    An interface for developers

     

  6. Automatisierung

    Fully automatic handling instead of error prone human handling

     
     
    German: automation

  7. Black-Box

    A part of an application, which does work in an unknown fassion

     
     
    German: black box

  8. Building Automation and Control Networks (BACnet)

    xxx

     

  9. Cluster

    An interacting group of systems

     

  10. Constrained Application Protocol

    Constrained Application Protocol

     
    The Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) is a specialized web transfer protocol for use with constrained nodes and constrained networks in the Internet of Things. The protocol is designed for machine-to-machine (M2M) applications such as smart energy and building automation.
     
    German: Constrained Application Protocol ()

  11. Consumer Electronics Control (CEC)

    Consumer Electronics Control

     
    Wikipedia

  12. Deep Learning (DL)

    Deep Learning

     
    Siehe auch:

  13. dezentral

    When services or functionality is locally provided

     
     
    German: decentalised

  14. Digitalisierung

    Providing a digital sibling for all real objects

     
     
    German: digitizion

  15. Do it yourself (DIY)

    A synonym for technical experienced makers.

     

  16. Edge Computing

    A special way of data processing at the edge of the company.

     

  17. ETS

    ETS is the programming software for KNX / EIB system

     
    KNX ETS Software

  18. Event Driven Architecture (EDA)

    Event Driven Architecture

     

  19. Event-Bus

    A kind (loosely coupled) communication by messages between components

     
     
    German: EventBus

  20. Fern UV-C

    Fern UV-C

     
     
    German: Far UV-C

  21. Gebäudemanagementsystem (GMS)

    Building management system (BMS)

     
     
    German: Building management system (BMS)

  22. Grid

    An interacting group of systems

     

  23. Heizkreislauf Verstellung

    German: HKV (Heizkreislauf verstellung)

     
     
    German:  ()

  24. Home Energy Management System (HEMS)

    Home Energy Management System

     

  25. Human Centric Lightning (HCL)

    Generic term for lighting adapted to human needs (bright white light in the morning, warm light dimmed in the evening)

     

  26. Human Centric Lightning (HCR)

    Generic term for lighting adapted to human needs (bright white light in the morning, warm light dimmed in the evening)

     
     
    German: Human Centric Lightning (IT)

  27. Informations- und Kommunikationstechnik (ITK)

    An abroviation for IT and communication. Mostly prefered in producing environments

     
     
    German: open (ITC)

  28. Informationstechnik (IT)

    A term for all kind of systems and components which are used for information and data handling

     
     
    German: information technolgy (IT)

  29. Infrastruktur Repository (ISR)

    A central datastore, where the setting is been stored for all kind of systems and components

     
     
    German: infrastructure repository (ISR)

  30. International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)

    International Electrotechnical Commission is a standard for ...

     

  31. Internet of Things (IoT)

    A term for all kind of systems and machines which are communicating between the internet

     

  32. Interoperabilität

    interoperability

     
     
    German: interoperability

  33. ISO 12913

    Standard for determining acoustic well-being in restaurants

     
    Part 1Part 2Part 3

  34. KNX® (KNX)

    KNX® is a standard, which is used to interconnect specific smart home devices

     
    See also: KNX Association

  35. Legacy

    A legacy software ore system is a older / longer used software or system

     

  36. Level of Control

    Level of automation

     
    There are 5 levels auf automation:
    • Level 1: Remote Control
    • Level 2: Programmed Sequences (Macros)
    • Level 3: Conditional Control
    • Level 4: Interactive
    • Level 5: Self-learning

  37. Lock-in

    vendor lock-in

     

  38. loose Kopplung

    When software components are coupled by just exchanging messages and events

     
    Instead of a "hard" software link between components.
     
    German: loose coupling

  39. Maschinelles Learnen (DL)

    Machine Learning

     
    See also:
     
    German: Machine Learning (DL)

  40. monolitisch

    Single and locally operating system

     
     
    German: monolithic

  41. MQ Telemetry Transport (MQTT)

    MQTT is an open OASIS and ISO standard for interconnecting devices via publish-subscribe

     
    MQTT: What is QoS (Quality Of Service)? The Quality of Service (QoS) level is an agreement between the sender of a message and the receiver of a message that defines the guarantee of delivery for a specific message. There are 3 QoS levels in MQTT: QoS 0 (at most once): This service level guarantees a best-effort delivery. There is no guarantee of delivery. QoS 1 (at least once): This service level guarantees that a message is delivered at least one time (> 1) to the receiver. QoS 2 (exactly once): This level guarantees that each message is received only once by the intended recipients. QoS 2 is the safest and slowest quality of service level. MQTT: What is the Retain Flag? A retained message is a normal MQTT message with the retained flag set to true. The broker stores the last retained message and the corresponding QoS for that topic. Each client that subscribes to a topic pattern that matches the topic of the retained message receives the retained message immediately after they subscribe. The broker stores only one retained message per topic. MQTT: What is the Client ID? The client identifier (ClientId) identifies each MQTT client that connects to an MQTT broker. The broker uses the ClientID to identify the client and the current state of the client. Therefore, this ID should be unique per client and broker. MQTT: What is the Clean Session flag? The clean session flag tells the broker whether the client wants to establish a persistent session or not. In a persistent session (CleanSession = false), the broker stores all subscriptions for the client and all missed messages for the client that subscribed with a Quality of Service (QoS) level 1 or 2. If the session is not persistent (CleanSession = true), the broker does not store anything for the client and purges all information from any previous persistent session. MQTT: What is the Last Will and Testament (LWT)? In MQTT, you use the Last Will and Testament (LWT) feature to notify other clients about an ungracefully disconnected client. Each client can specify its last will message when it connects to a broker. The last will message is a normal MQTT message with a topic, retained message flag, QoS, and payload. The broker stores the message until it detects that the client has disconnected ungracefully. In response to the ungraceful disconnect, the broker sends the last-will message to all subscribed clients of the last-will message topic. MQTT: Where is my LWT topic? The LWT messages will always be sent to (prefix)/(domainName)/(machineName)/lwt topic

  42. Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)

    Multiprotocol Label Switching

     

  43. Netzzugangskontrolle

    Network access control

     
     
    German: Network access control ()

  44. Neural Processing Unit (NPU)

    Neural Processing Unit

     
    Siehe auch:

  45. Object Linking and Embedding for Process Control (OPC)

    OPC Standard

     

  46. Observability

    Observability

     

  47. offen

    An interface or program which can be used and enriched by everybody

     
     
    German: open

  48. Operational Technology (OT)

    Operational Technology

     
    Wikipedia Focepoint

  49. Privileged Access Management  (PAM)

    Privileged Access Management

     
    xxx

  50. Product Data Management (PDM)

    Product Data Management

     
    Product Data Management

  51. Profinet

    Profinet

     

  52. proprietär

    Vendor dependent lock instead of an open and standardized technology or system

     
     
    German: proprietary

  53. Publish/Subscribe

    Publish/Subscribe

     

  54. Redundanz

    Redundancy

     
     
    German: redundancy

  55. Reihenklemmen

    A terminal block is an electric mounting point, for cable installation purpose

     
     
    German: terminal blocks

  56. Reinforcement Learning (RL)

    Reinforcement Learning

     

  57. Representational State Transfer (REST)

    A de facto standard for using IT-services over HTTP/HTTPS

     

  58. Residual Current Device (RCD)

    Residual Current Device

     

  59. Retrofit

    Retrofit

     
    Retrofit

  60. Robotic Process Automation (RPA)

    Robotic Process Automation (RPA)

     

  61. Schichten

    Applications and their data flow are divided into different technical horizontal parts

     
     
    German: layer

  62. Service-Level-Agreement (SLA)

    Service-Level-Agreement (SLA)

     
    Service-Level-Agreement (SLA)

  63. Single Board Computer (SBC)

    Single board computer

     

  64. Smart Cluster

    A group of loosely coupled modules, which are working like on intelligent piece

     

  65. Smart Grid

    A connected group of mostly electrical components which can be easily reoganized

     

  66. Software Defined Networks (SDN)

    Software Defined Networks (SDN)

     

  67. Speicherprogrammierbare Steuerung (SPS)

    A programmable logic controller

     
     
    German: programmable logic controller (PLC)

  68. Standard

    A clearly defined and adoptable kind of interface

     

  69. Stellantrieb

    actuator

     
     
    German: actuator

  70. System

    A term for IT components which are providing some kind of service

     

  71. System Engineering (SE)

    System Engineering

     

  72. Transparenz

    Full overview of the IT landscape an all its ongoing services and data

     
     
    German: transparency

  73. universal machine technology interface (umapi)

    Adaption of OPC UA standard as a brand of the mechanical engineering associations VDMA and VDW

     
     
    German: umapi (umapi)

  74. Zigbee Light Link (ZLL)

    A Zigbee 2.x profile for the light control

     

  75. Zigbee®

    Zigbee® is an wireless protocol standard, which is used to interconnect specific smart home devices

     
    See also Philips HUE and ZLL